Lightings are classified according to the NF C71-000 standard, by order of electrical insulation. This standard defines the level of protection required to avoid electrocution risks depending on the environment in which your lighting is set-up.
Indeed, there are dangers and risks that can be incurred if you choose a fixture that is not suitable for our environment. The main risks are then: fire, electrification or electrocution. The protection index is an international standard, established by the International Electrotechnical Commission, relating to waterproofing. This IP rating is intended to classify electrical equipment according to the level of protection it offers against the intrusion of foreign bodies, whether solid or liquid.
The first number "4" corresponds to the protection against solid bodies greater than 1 mm. The second number "4" means protection against splashing water from all directions. Lighting with a IP 44 are completely suited for bathrooms, and outdoor spaces. (A fortiori, those lightings can be positioned indoor... even if the minimal indoor protection index is IP 20). Nevertheless those design lighting should not be positioned too close to a large water source; for a large water source, you will need to use lighting with a IP 65. For an optimal rendering, opt for LED bulbs and if possible dimmables, to vary the light according to your desires!
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